Solar cars are more than silent, fast and cheap to run

By ERWIN CHLANDA

 

For Hunter Murray (pictured) electric vehicles in Alice Springs are a no-brainer: He and his company, Alicetronics Jaycar, have four of them between the business and his staff.

 

In the Tesla 3 the whole instrument panel is on a touch screen, including Netflix but that goes off when the car is in motion.

 

Two are little ones for around town, made by Mitsubishi 12 years ago (around $13,000 second-hand).

 

Two are recent luxury Tesla models (coming down rapidly from $150,000 new) now retailing about $50,000 to $60,000.

 

Mr Murray drives them between Alice and Adelaide without hesitation.

 

Recharging the battery happens during an overnight stop, in Coober Pedy or Glendambo, for a full charge, and three partial charges taking an hour each.

 

Fully charged the range is usually between 400 and 500 kilometres.

 

All roadhouses along the way now have some form of charging facility, thanks to the AEVA (Australian Electric Vehicle Association – in this game you have to get used to acronyms) and the roadhouse owners.

 

The Teslas have literally breath-taking acceleration, where the low speed high torque power of the electric motors come into their own: 0-100 in just over three seconds and tops 190 km/h.

 

All Mr Hunter’s cars are pure electric, not hybrids: “What’s the point of carting around with you 600 kilograms of fossil fuel engine which you don’t need,” he says.

 

Unlike combustion engines, electric cars can be re-fuelled in a number of ways.

 

• Slow charging from the grid, a powerpoint in your house, for example: 38 hours for a 400 km range (or just top up every night for daily use).

 

• Fast charging (AC) from the grid if three-phase power is available: Four hours for 400 kms.

 

• Fast charging (DC): 20 minutes for 400 kms. These require industrial sized electrical feed-ins.

 

A Mitsubishi EV.

 

• From a 240 volt generator, diesel or petrol. Amazingly, in many cases this would drive the car further than if the fuel were used in an internal combustion car engine.

 

Of course, all of these are still mostly dependent on fossil fuel and cost money.

 

The real thing is using power from your own solar arrays and wind generation – after investment in the hardware, the energy is free of charge and free of pollution.

 

While Oz is still in a toe-in-the-water frame of mind, other countries have taken the full plunge.

 

In Norway almost 60% of cars sold in March 2019 were electric. The country will stop sales of fossil fuelled cars in 2025.

 

The case for BEVs (battery electric vehicles) put forward by Mr Murray and his co-enthusiast Richard Bentley is varied:–

 

With solar on the roof charging a BEV, and with V2G (vehicle to grid) technology, the car can be used as an auxiliary house battery while the car is not being driven (on average 90% of the time).

 

This may assist grid stability – frequently a problem in Alice Springs and other island grids.

 

The US firm Tesla is now manufacturing 1000 BEVs a week in China in a factory that took just a year to build, says Mr Murray, and the firm is looking to ramp that up to 5000 in a matter of months.

 

But is that enough? We need more manufacturers on the wagon, says Mr Bentley, and they’re coming in 2020.

 

Motor vehicle registration charges are in tens, not hundreds of dollars. Why? The charges are based on the cubic centimetres of cylinder space and, well, electric cars don’t have cylinders.

 

“PHEVs (plugin hybrid electric vehicles) are OK for short urban use (50km to 100km range). However, they have to burn fuel for longer trips and need heaps of maintenance still,” says Mr Bentley.

 

Under the bonnet? Room for luggage.

 

“We need to stop being dependent on foreign fuel as we have a perfect source of it here in Australia.

 

“It comes up every morning regularly and goes down every night, and we have the perfect technology to harness it without losing our standard of living. In fact, make it so much better in many ways.”

 

Mr Hunter’s Tesla Model 3 is the closest to a driver-less car I’ve been in.

 

It has eight cameras right around the car which – without human input – keep it between the lines on the road, maintain its distance from the car ahead, speed up or slow down as required, read speed limit signs and act accordingly, reverse-parks itself – plus a dozen other tricks.

 

These are constantly updated for free by over-the-air updates from Tesla, according to Mr Bentley. These cars are looking to be fully autonomous in the next two years, given government legislation.

 

The heavy battery is in the floor, giving the vehicle a safe low centre of gravity, improving handling, especially in emergency situations.

 

The batteries and their spectacular rise in performance and drop in price hold the key to the future of the EVs (electric vehicles), reaching parity to internal combustion engine cars in the next two years.

 

Says Mr Murray: “I’m always a bit of a skeptic until something is being mass produced, especially with batteries.

 

“However we are seeing the development of the million mile battery from Tesla, previously half a million life span.

 

“And this does not mean end of life. When degradation reaches 80% the batteries can now be re-purposed easily for stationary power wall type batteries.”

 

 

 

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6 Comments (starting with the most recent)

NB: If you want to reply to a previous comment, start your comment with this notation: @n where n is the number of the comment you want to reply to.
  1. Colin J Dawson
    Posted January 29, 2020 at 7:59 am

    Wheelies Private Hire: The electric cart is awesome and I can give anyone an experience.

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  2. Trevor Shiell
    Posted January 28, 2020 at 12:06 pm

    If you think electric cars will make a difference wait for the avalanche of electric trucks. Tesla has several models available now, one of which can do from 0 to 100 within a few seconds and offers cost savings of between 20 and 50 or 60 cents per km over diesel.
    Imagine what that should do to our alleged cost of transport to here.
    At lease two locations between here and Adelaide are planning for this.
    Our inertia is staggering. Other major truck manufacturers are right up there with Tesla.
    See the Australian Technology “Renew” to really see what is happening while we are focusing on removing our heritage.
    Politics, common sense and science are often mutually exclusive.

    View Comment
  3. Chris
    Posted January 28, 2020 at 11:20 am

    I think electric cars are great.
    But I wouldn’t expect the registration costs to stay low that is for sure.
    And something else will have to give also when more are using electric and less are burning fossil fuels.
    Especially because as you would expect, solar is on the rise.
    When the government’s income from fuel tax and registration dwindle, then they will need a new form of tax. I predict an increase in GST will be on the cards.

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  4. Posted January 28, 2020 at 9:28 am

    A classic disruption is coming for the transport sector.
    Just like the model T and the iPhone you will see this trend disrupt but in only a few years most will see that it just makes economic, health and common sense.
    New car prices will be in parity about 2022 with battery cost only $120 a KWh, down from a $1000 five years ago.
    Business, governments and councils should invest now to create a healthy secondhand market at that time for all levels.

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  5. Richard Bentley
    Posted January 27, 2020 at 4:14 pm

    I note some interesting second hand vehicles in NZ. Seems to me a good option would be fly to NZ, buy a car instead of hire then ship back to Australia.

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  6. Watchn
    Posted January 27, 2020 at 1:12 pm

    Electric cars are great. I am not in the market for one though, or any car over $15,000.
    So I’m looking forward to the future when perhaps the secondhand market can sell them on. I think this will be at least another 10 years away.

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